Human Relations Area Files, Inc. (HRAF) is an internationally recognized organization in the field of cultural anthropology. Founded in 1949 at Yale University, HRAF is a not-for-profit membership consortium of universities, colleges, and research institutions. Its mission is to provide information that facilitates the cross-cultural study of human behavior, society and culture.
In the 1930s, behavioral scientists at Yale's Institute of Human Relations started to develop a classification of cultural information by subject, providing quick access to research materials. HRAF grew out of these efforts. Today, HRAF produces two major full-text databases (eHRAF Archaeology and eHRAF World Cultures) and other resources for teaching and research. Availability of HRAF collections is limited to members of the HRAF consortium.
HRAF is a financially independent research agency of Yale University and is located in New Haven, Connecticut.
eHRAF Archaeology is an online, full-text database with information on prehistory of the world. This database, modeled after eHRAF World Cultures, is unique in that the information is organized into archaeological traditions and the text is numerically subject-indexed according to HRAF's modified Outline of Cultural Materials (OCM). This comprehensive subject retrieval system extends search capability well beyond keyword searching allowing for precise subject retrieval, even in foreign language texts.
eHRAF Archaeology is organized by regions and archaeological traditions. Each tradition consists of a general summary and full-text documents including books, journal articles, dissertations, and manuscripts. For the list of traditions currently included click here.
This archaeological database provides researchers and students access to archaeological materials for comparative studies within and across regions. Traditions are selected by random sampling from the Outline of Archaeological Traditions, compiled with the help of a distinguished Board of Advisors. To encourage historical and evolutionary analysis, the traditions prior to and following each tradition will be included in subsequent installments.
About eHRAF World Cultures
eHRAF World Cultures is an online, full-text database that contains information on all aspects of cultural and social life. The annully-growing eHRAF database is unique in that the information is organized into cultures and ethnic groups and the full-text sources are subject-indexed at the paragraph level.
Whether you are interested in learning about the North American Hmong's beliefs in the causes and cures of diseases or the Pashtun's religious views, this multi-cultural database provides you with in-depth information on all aspects of cultural and social life.
This ethnographic database is unique because each culture or ethnic group contains a variety of source documents (books, articles and dissertations) that have been indexed and organized according to HRAF's comprehensive cultural and subject classification systems: the Outline of World Cultures and the Outline of Cultural Materials (OCM). These retrieval systems extend search capability well beyond keyword searching thus allowing for precise culture and subject retrieval, even in a foreign language.
As a multicultural database, eHRAF World Cultures appeals to many academic disciplines in the social sciences, humanities, medicine, and any other area with an interest in cultural diversity.